St Petersburg is Russia’s second-largest city after Moscow, with the Saint Petersburg agglomeration having a population of around 7 million. It is an important Russian port on the Baltic Sea. Situated on the Neva River, at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea, it was founded by Tsar Peter the Great on 27 May 1703. Saint Petersburg is one of the most modern cities of Russia, as well as its cultural capital. The Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments constitute a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Saint Petersburg is home to the Hermitage, one of the largest art museums in the world. Many foreign consulates, international corporations, banks and businesses have offices in Saint Petersburg. St Petersburg wheelchair access is improving, however travelers with disabilities, especially those in wheelchairs, are likely to encounter some difficulties. Most churches and museums have no wheelchair access, although the Hermitage and the Russian Museum are honorable exceptions.
Public transport is also problematic, with no wheelchair access to buses or trams, and no elevator service on the metro. Also, bear in mind that stops are far apart, especially in the suburbs, so if your walking capabilities are limited be sure to check distances in advance.
Moscow is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17 million within the urban area. Moscow is the northernmost and coldest megacity and metropolis on Earth. It is home to the Ostankino Tower, the tallest free standing structure in Europe; the Federation Tower, the second-tallest skyscraper in Europe; and the Moscow International Business Center. The city is well known for its architecture, particularly its historic buildings such as Saint Basil’s Cathedral with its colourful architectural style. With over 40 percent of its territory covered by greenery, it is one of the greenest capitals and major cities in Europe and the world, having the largest forest in an urban area within its borders—more than any other major city. Moscow wheelchair access is average by modern western standards, despite the city being the seat of power of the Government of Russia. The Kremlin, a medieval city-fortress that is today the residence for work of the President of Russia. The Moscow Kremlin and Red Square are also one of several World Heritage Sites in the city, making disability travel to the city well worth the effort.